All about Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

All about Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that aims to help you manage our problems by changing how you think and act.

It encourages you to talk about:

•  how you think about yourself, the world and other people

•  how what you do affects your thoughts and feelings

By talking about these things, CBT can help you to change how you think (‘cognitive’) and what you do (‘behaviour’), which can help you feel better about life.

Who can use CBT

CBT is particularly helpful in tacking problems such as anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, eating disorders and drug misuse.

Unlike other talking treatments, such as psychotherapy, CBT focuses on the problems and difficulties you have now, rather than issues from your past. It looks for practical ways you can improve your state of mind on a daily basis.

Number of sessions

Cognitive behavioural therapy usually involves weekly or fortnightly sessions with a therapist. The number of sessions required varies greatly depending on your problems and objectives, with treatment usually lasting from six weeks to six months.


Cognitive behavioural therapy can help you see how your thoughts and behaviour relate to the way you feel, and how this might contribute to problems in your life.

Your therapist will help you find ways to change your thought patterns and behaviour so you can cope with your problems and anxieties better.

CBT cannot remove your problems, but can help you to manage them in a more positive way.

It is thought to be one of the most effective treatments for anxiety and depression.

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